Effects of Increased Omnichannel Integration on Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty Intentions

Chris Lazaris, Panagiotis Sarantopoulos, Adam Vrechopoulos, and Georgios Doukidis
International Journal of Electronic Commerce,
Volume 25, Number 4, 2021, pp. 440-468.


We examine how the integration of retail channels affects crucial firm outcomes, such as customer satisfaction and loyalty intentions, with a particular focus on the impact of different levels of offline-to-online channel integration. Across three experimental studies, one of them in an operating physical store, accommodating comparisons of several omnichannel configurations, increasing the level of omnichannel integration positively influences customer satisfaction and loyalty intentions. Flow experience mediates the effects. The impact of increasing the level of omnichannel integration on customer satisfaction and loyalty intentions is more pronounced among consumers who perceive the channels as complementary and for consumers with a goal-directed shopping orientation. This article contributes to extant omnichannel literature by experimentally investigating the impact of increasing levels of omnichannel integration—as compared to adopting a binary, “either-or” approach—and by demonstrating that omnichannel retail environments provide a fertile ground for flow experiences in physical stores. Furthermore, this article establishes the role of perceived channel complementarity and shopping orientation as boundary conditions for the realization of flow in omnichannel retail environments.